Echoes


You live long enough, you will need to look in your own mirror,

you are honest with yourself, you will know when it is time to raise your voice,

you will do it because

we are all one we are nothing without each other

it is time for change

over and over again

and we have collectively not learned another way through

injustice→fear→rage→uprising→change echoes…echoes…echoes

in my lifetime (courtesy of en.wikipedia) :

  • 1950 – San Juan Nationalist revolt, Utuado Uprising, Jayuya Uprising, Oct. 30, Various uprisings against United States Government rule during the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts of the 1950s in Puerto Rico
  • 1951 – Cicero race riot of 1951, July 12, Cicero, Illinois
  • 1956 – Mansfield School Integration Incident 400 pro-segregationists brandishing weapons and racist signage prevent 12 black children from entering Mansfield High School Mansfield, TX
  • 1958 – Battle of Hayes Pond, January 18, Maxton, North Carolina, Armed confrontation between members of the NC Lumbee tribe and the KKK.
  • 1959 – Harriett-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike Henderson, North Carolina
  • 1960 – HUAC riot, May 13, Students protest House Un-American Activities Committee hearings, 12 injured, 64 arrested, San Francisco, California
  • 1960 – Newport Jazz Festival Riot, July 2, Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1960 – El Cajon Boulevard Riot, August 20, San Diego, California
  • 1960 – Ax Handle Saturday, August 27, Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1962 – Ole Miss riot 1962, September 3–October 1, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi
  • 1963 – Birmingham riot of 1963, May 11, Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1963 – Cambridge riot 1963, June 14, Cambridge, Maryland
  • 1964 – Chester School Protests, April 2-26, Chester, Pennsylvania
  • 1964 – the July 16 killing of James Powell by police in the Yorkville neighborhood just south of East Harlem precipitates a string of race riots in July and August, including:
  • 1964 – Harlem Riot of 1964, July 16–22, New York City
  • 1964 – Rochester 1964 race riot, July 24–25, Rochester, New York
  • 1964 – Jersey City Riot, August 3–5, Jersey City, NJ
  • 1964 – Dixmoor race riot, August 15–17, Dixmoor, Illinois
  • 1964 – Philadelphia 1964 race riot, August 28–30, Philadelphia
  • 1965 – Selma to Montgomery marches, March 7–25, Alabama
  • 1965 – Watts riots, August 11–17, Los Angeles, California
  • 1966 – Division Street riots, June 12–14, Humboldt Park, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 – Omaha riot of 1966, July 2, Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1966 – 1966 Chicago West-Side riots, July 12–15, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 – Hough riots, July 18–24, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1966 – Marquette Park housing march, August 5, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 – Waukegan riot, August 27, Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1966 – Benton Harbor riots, August 30–September 4, Benton Harbor, Michigan
  • 1966 – Summerhill and Vine City Riots, September 6–8 Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1966 – Hunters Point social uprising, September 27–October 1 San Francisco, California
  • 1966 – Sunset Strip curfew riots, November 12, various other flareups, basis for the song “For What It’s Worth (Buffalo Springfield song)”, West Hollywood, California
  • 1967 – Long Hot Summer of 1967 refers to a year in which 159 race riots, almost all African-American, erupted across the United States, including:
  • 1967 – Avondale riots, June 12–15, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1967 – Buffalo riot of 1967, June 27, Buffalo, New York
  • 1967 – 1967 Newark riots, July 12–17, Newark, New Jersey
  • 1967 – 1967 Plainfield riots, July 14–21, Plainfield, New Jersey
  • 1967 – Cairo riot, July 17, Cairo, Illinois
  • 1967 – 1967 Detroit riot, July 23–29, Detroit, Michigan
  • 1967 – Cambridge riot of 1967, July 24, a.k.a. the H. Rap Brown riot, Cambridge, Maryland
  • 1967 – 1967 Saginaw riot, July 26, Saginaw, Michigan
  • 1967 – Milwaukee riot, July 30, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1968 – Orangeburg Massacre, S.C. State Univ., February 8, Orangeburg, South Carolina
  • 1968 – Memphis Sanitation Strike riot, March 28, Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1968 – Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., April 4, Memphis, Tennessee, precipitates all April 4–14 riots, including:
  • 1968 – 1968 Detroit riot, April 4–5, Detroit, Michigan
  • 1968 – 1968 New York City riots, April 4–5, New York City, New York
  • 1968 – 1968 Washington, D.C. riots, April 4–8, Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 – 1968 Chicago riots, West Side Riots, April 5–7, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1968 – 1968 Pittsburgh riots, April 5–11, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1968 – Baltimore riot of 1968, April 6–14, Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1968 – Avondale riot of 1968, April 8, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1968 – 1968 Kansas City riot, April 9, Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1968 – Wilmington Riot of 1968, April 9–10, Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1968 – Trenton Riot of 1968, April 9–11, Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1968 – Columbia University protests of 1968, April 23, New York City, New York
  • 1968 – Louisville riots of 1968, May 27, Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1968 – Akron riot, July 17–23, Akron, Ohio
  • 1968 – Glenville Shootout, July 23–28, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1968 – 1968 Miami riot, August 7–8, Miami, Florida
  • 1968 – 1968 Democratic National Convention protests, including the police riots of August 27–28, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1969 – Zip to Zap riot, May 9–11, Zap, North Dakota
  • 1969 – People’s Park Riots, May, Berkeley, California
  • 1969 – 1969 Greensboro uprising, May 21–25, Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1969 – Cairo disorders, May–December, Cairo, Illinois
  • 1969 – Stonewall riots, June 28–July 2, New York City, New York
  • 1969 – 1969 York Race Riot, July 17–24, York, Pennsylvania
  • 1969 – Days of Rage, October 8–11, Weathermen riot in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1970 – San Francisco Police Department Park Station bombing, February 16, San Francisco, CA
  • 1970 – University of Puerto Rico riot, March 4–11, at least one killed, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico
  • 1970 – Student strike of 1970, May 1970
  • 1970 – Kent State riots/shootings, May 1970, four killed, Kent, Ohio
  • 1970 – New Haven Green Disorders, Yale University, May 1970, New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1970 – Augusta Riot, May 11–13, Augusta, Georgia
  • 1970 – Hard Hat Riot, Wall Street, May 8, New York City
  • 1970 – Jackson State killings, May 14–15, two killed, Jackson, Mississippi
  • 1970 – 1970 Asbury Park race riots, July 4-10, Asbury Park, New Jersey
  • 1970 – 1970 Memorial Park riot, August 24–27, Royal Oak, Michigan
  • 1970 – Sterling Hall bombing, Univ. of Wisc., August 24, one killed, Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1970 – Chicano Moratorium riot, August 29, Los Angeles, California
  • 1971 – Wilmington riot 1971, February 9, Wilmington, North Carolina
  • 1971 – May Day protests 1971, May 3, Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 – Camden riots, August 1971, Camden, New Jersey
  • 1971 – Attica Prison uprising, September 9–13, at least 39 killed, Attica, New York
  • 1973 – Wounded Knee incident, February 27–May 8, Wounded Knee, South Dakota
  • 1973 – Shooting of Clifford Glover Riot, April 23, Rioting broke out in South Jamaica, Queens after an undercover NYPD officer shot and killed a ten-year-old African-American youth. New York, New York
  • 1974 – SLA Shootout, May 17, Los Angeles, California
  • 1974 – Baltimore police strike, July, Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1974 – Boston busing race riots anti-busing riots throughout Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1975 – Livernois–Fenkell riot, July 1975, Detroit, Michigan
  • 1976 – Escambia High School riots, February 5, Pensacola, Florida
  • 1976 – Anti-busing riot in downtown Boston, April 5, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1976 – Marquette Park unrest, June–August, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1977 – Humboldt Park riot, June 5–6, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1977 – New York City Blackout riot 1977, July 13–14, New York City, New York
  • 1978 – Fireman Strike Arson, July 2, 1978, Memphis, TN
  • 1978 – Moody Park riot, May 5, 1978, Houston, Texas
  • 1979 – Herman Hill riot, April 15, Wichita, Kansas
  • 1979 – White Night riots, May 1979, San Francisco, California
  • 1979 – Levittown Gas Riot, June 23 – 24, Thousands rioted in response to increased gasoline prices in the U.S., 198 arrested, 44 police and 200 rioters injured. Gas stations were damaged and cars set on fire, Levittown, Pennsylvania
  • 1979 – Greensboro massacre, November 3, Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1980 – New Mexico State Penitentiary riot, February 2–3, Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1980 – Miami riot 1980, May 17–19, Miami, Florida
  • 1982 – Miami riot 1982, Dec. 28, A Miami policeman shoots a black video game player in an arcade. Riots breakout in the Overtown section of Miami. Miami, Florida
  • 1986 – Marquette Park KKK rally, June 28, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1988 – Tompkins Square Park riot, August 6–7, New York City
  • 1988 – Cedar Grove, Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1989 – 1989 Miami riot, Jan. 16–18, Miami policeman kills a black motorcycle rider. Riots breakout in the Overtown section of the city. Miami, Florida
  • 1991 – 1991 Washington, DC riot, Mount Pleasant riot, May 5–9, Washington, D.C.
  • 1991 – Crown Heights riot, August 1991, Brooklyn, New York
  • 1992 – L.A. Rodney King riots, April–May 1992, Los Angeles, California
  • 1992 – West Las Vegas riots, April 29, Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1992 – 1992 Washington Heights riots, July 4–7, Manhattan, New York, Dominican community
  • 1996 – St. Petersburg, Florida Riot 1996, October 1996, St. Petersburg, Florida
  • 1997 – North Hollywood shootout, February 1997, Los Angeles, California
  • 1999 – Michigan State University student riot, April 1999, East Lansing, Michigan
  • 1999 – Woodstock ’99 music festival incident, July 1999, Rome, New York
  • 1999 – WTO Meeting of 1999, “The Battle in Seattle”, November 1999, Seattle, Washington
  • 2000 – Elián González affair, Miami, Florida
  • 2000 – Brooks Brothers riot, Miami-Dade county, Florida
  • 2000 – Puerto Rican Day Parade attacks, June 11, Central Park, New York City
  • 2001 – Seattle Mardi Gras riot, February 27, 2001, Seattle, Washington
  • 2001 – 2001 Cincinnati Riots, April 10–12, Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 2003 – Benton Harbor riot, June 2003, Benton Harbor, Michigan
  • 2003 – Miami FTAA Protests, November 2003, Miami, Florida
  • 2004 – 2004 American League Championship Series, October 21, 1 dead, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2005 – Civil disturbances and military action in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, August – Sept., New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 2005 – 2005 Toledo riot, October 15, Toledo, Ohio
  • 2006 – San Bernardino punk riot, March 4, San Bernardino, California
  • 2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée, May 1, Los Angeles, California
  • 2009 – Riots against BART Police shooting of Oscar Grant, January 7, 120 arrested, Oakland, California
  • 2009 – Akron riots, March 14, 2009, 7 arrested; and July 2009, unknown number arrested, Akron, Ohio
  • 2009 – 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh summit protests, Sept. 24–25, 193 arrested
  • 2010 – Springfest riot, April 10, 200 police disperse crowd of 8,000 using tear gas, pepper spray, rubber bullets, and bean bag rounds, near the campus of James Madison University; dozens injured. 30–35 arrested; Harrisonburg, Virginia.
  • 2010 – Santa Cruz May Day riot, May 1, 250 rampage through downtown Santa Cruz attacking 18 businesses, causing an estimated $100,000 in damages. 1 arrested. Santa Cruz, California.
  • 2010 – Oakland protest riot, November 5, Police made more than 150 arrests as a crowd broke windows and knocked down fences, protesting sentence of former BART officer in shooting of Oscar Grant on New Years Day 2009; see BART Police shooting of Oscar Grant. Oakland, California
  • 2011 – Occupy Wall Street (Brooklyn Bridge protests). Demonstrators blocked the bridge and more than 700 people were arrested. New York, New York
  • 2011 – Occupy Wall Street Oakland protests riots. October. Protesters shattered windows, set fires, and plastered buildings with graffiti. Riot police fired heavy amounts of tear gas on the protesters.
  • 2012 – NATO 2012 Chicago Summit, May. Conflict between riot police and protesters. Dozens of demonstrators clubbed and arrested.
  • 2012 – Anaheim police shooting and protests, July 28. Violence erupted after multiple shootings in the neighborhood by police that included unarmed Manuel Diaz. 24 people were arrested.
  • 2013 – Flatbush Riots, March 11, Riots in Brooklyn, New York after the death of Kimani Gray who was shot and killed by NYPD.
  • 2014 – Bundy Standoff, April 5–May, an armed confrontation between supporters of cattle rancher Cliven Bundy and law enforcement following a 21-year legal dispute in which the United States Bureau of Land Management (BLM) obtained court orders directing Bundy to pay over $1 million in withheld grazing fees for Bundy’s use of federally-owned land adjacent to Bundy’s ranch in southeastern Nevada.
  • 2014 – Ferguson unrest, Ferguson and St. Louis, Missouri, August 10 and November 24. Following the shooting death of Michael Brown by a Ferguson police officer, protests erupt in the streets. Police respond with riot gear, tear gas, sound canons, police dogs, concussion grenades, rubber bullets, pepper balls, wooden bullets, beanbag rounds, tasers, pepper spray, and armored vehicles. Unrest occurred continuously for weeks in August, and sporadically through December, with nearly daily protests throughout the period and rioting following the non-indictment announcement on Nov 24. Unrest again occurred on the one year anniversary in August 2015, with dozens of arrests.
  • 2014 – St. Louis, Missouri – October 8, police vehicle windows broken as rage at the killing of Vonderrit Myers Jr. Protests continued for days afterward, during the nearby and ongoing Ferguson Unrest.
  • 2014 – New York, New York, and Berkeley, California – After prosecutors and a grand jury refused to indict a police officer in the death of Eric Garner, protests erupted in New York City and other cities.
  • 2014 Oakland riots, November–December, A series of riots and civil disturbances that took place in Oakland and the surrounding area, in reaction to the events involving the Shooting of Michael Brown and later, the death of Eric Garner, Oakland, California
  • 2014 – Berkeley, Missouri, December 23–24. Antonio Martin is shot to death by police in a St. Louis suburb nearby to Ferguson, leading to violent conflict with police, and looting.
  • 2015 – 2015 Baltimore protests, April 25–28. Days of protests break out following the death of Freddie Gray while in police custody. 34 people are arrested and 15 Officers injured after rioting and looting break out. Gray’s funeral was held on April 27 and followed by further protests and looting. Governor Hogan had preemptively activated the Maryland National Guard, while the Maryland State Police had activated at least 500 officers.
  • 2015 – St. Louis, Missouri, August 19. Conflict with police following fatal shooting by St. Louis police officers of black teenager Mansur Ball-Bey leads to deployment of tear gas then burned car, buildings, and looting. Protests continue in subsequent days with tensions remaining high.
  • 2016 – Occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, January–February 2016. 1 killed and several dozen arrested at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Oregon.
  • 2016 – 2016 Donald Trump Chicago rally protest, March 11. Five people arrested and two police officers injured during a demonstration at the UIC Pavilion.
  • 2016 – Democracy Spring rally in April. March to Washington D.C. and sit-ins lead to arrests.
  • 2016 – 2016 Sacramento riot, June 26, A confrontation between white nationalists and left-wing counter protesters at the California State Capitol. Ten people were hospitalized for stabbing and laceration wounds.
  • 2016 – Widespread protests erupt in response to two deaths at the hands of police, the Shooting of Alton Sterling and shooting of Philando Castile. At least 261 people were arrested in protests in New York City, Chicago, St. Paul, Baton Rouge, and other cities.
  • 2016 – 2016 Milwaukee riots, Sherman Park, August 13–15. Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • 2016 – 2016 Charlotte riot, September 20–21, Protests and riots break out in response to the shooting of Keith Lamont Scott by a Charlotte police officer.
  • 2016 – Dakota Access Pipeline protests, 411 protesters arrested. Multiple skirmishes with police, with vehicles, hay bales, and tires set on fire.
  • 2016 – Anti-Trump protests, November 9–27. As a result of Donald Trump elected as 45th President of the U.S., thousands protested across twenty-five American cities, and unrest broke out in downtown Oakland, California, and Portland, Oregon. In Oakland, over 40 fires started and police officers were injured.
  • 2017 – Berkeley, California, February 1, civil unrest ensued at UC Berkeley as Milo Yiannopoulos was scheduled to speak on the campus.[2][3]
  • 2017 – 2017 Anaheim, California protests, February 21, protesters demonstrate after police officer grabs boy and fires his gun. Protesters damage property and throw bottles and rocks at police.
  • 2017 – May Day, violence breaks out at May Day protests in Olympia, and Portland, as masked anarchists damage property and clash with police.
  • 2017 – 2017 Unite the Right rally, Charlottesville, Virginia, August 11–12. At a Unite the Right rally of white nationalists and white supremacists opposing the removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee, rally attendees and counter-protesters clashed, sometimes violently. A woman, Heather Heyer, was killed and 19 other injured when a rally attendee drove his car into a crowd of counter-protestors. Two law enforcement officers also died in a helicopter crash while monitoring the event.
  • 2017 – 2017 St. Louis protests, beginning September 15, large protests erupted when police officer Jason Stockley was found not guilty of murder in the shooting death of Anthony Lamar Smith on December 20, 2011. Some of the protests turned destructive and the police became violent. Windows were broken at Mayor Lyda Krewson’s house and in the Central West End business district on the first night, many windows were broken in the Delmar Loop on Sept 16, a few were broken downtown on Sept 17 after police drove swiftly through a crowd following a peaceful march. Police conducted a kettling mass arrest operation of nonviolent protesters and bystanders, beating and pepper spraying many, including journalists, documentary filmmakers, and an undercover officer. Protests and sporadic unrest continued daily for weeks.
  • 2019 – Memphis riot, June 13, following the fatal shooting of Brandon Webber by U.S. Marshals, Memphis, TN.
  • 2020 – New York City FTP protests, Jan 31, Anti-Transit Police and MTA protest resulting in hundreds of arrests over the three separate days of demonstration. Vandalism and violence on train stations was reported.
  • 2020 – Death of George Floyd, Minneapolis, MN, May 26 – Ongoing, Started off as peaceful protests over the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis Police. Rocks and bottles were thrown at police and squad cars were damaged in response to police in riot gear setting off tear gas, flash bangs, and pepper ball rounds to disperse crowds of protesters. Several buildings were burned and many shops were looted.

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